What tenses have we learnt about so far? That’s right, we’ve seen the Present Tense (For example – I eat) and the Present Continuous Tense (For example – I am eating). Be sure to revise over those lessons if your memory has slipped!
Today we’re going to learn all about the future tense in Hindi! So what is the future tense? Well it’s simple talking about things that are going to happen. We uses the word ‘will’ in English to show the future tense, for example we can say ‘I will eat’, ‘She will walk’ or ‘they will write’ etc.
The future tense is going to be very important if you ever want to make plans with someone when talking in Hindi!
So how do we make future tense sentences in Hindi? Well it’s actually quite straightforward, all we do is add ‘something’ to the end of the verb root. I’m going to show you a few examples first to get you into it and then I’ll teach you the actual rules, so are you ready? अच्छा acchaa great!
मैं केला खाऊँगा
main kelaa khaaoongaa
– I will eat a banana (said by a Male)
So what have we said here? Well we’ve used the word मैं main – I, then केला kelaa – banana and finally we have खाऊँगा khaaoongaa – this is the future tense Masculine form of the word खाना khaanaa – to eat, it shows we are talking about the future! Ready for another example?
वह किताब पढ़ेगा
voh kitaab parhegaa
– He will read a book
Here we’ve used the word पढ़ेगा parhegaa and this is the future tense Masculine form of the word पढ़ना parhnaa – to read. I’ll show you one more example and then we’ll learn the rules, ready?
हम फ़ल्म देखेंगे
ham film dekhenge
– We will watch a film.
So finally here we’ve used the word देखेंगे dekhenge which is the future tense version of the verb देखना dekhnaa – To watch.
Can you see any kind of a pattern in these three examples? Don’t worry if you cant because it’s a little tricky at first! Are you ready to learn the proper rules the Hindi Future tense sentences now then? Great! So deep breath, here goes…
For Masculine Subjects simply add the following to the verb root;
First Person Singular
मैं -ऊँगा main -oongaa I will –
First Person Plural
हम -एँगे ham -enge We will –
Second Person Singular
तू -एगा too -egaa You will – (Very Informal)
Second Person Plural
आप -एँगे aap -enge You will – (Formal)
तुम -ओगे tum -oge You will – (Informal)
Third Person Singular
यह / वह -एगा yeh / voh -egaa He, It will –
Third Person Plural
ये / वे -एँगे ye / ve enge They will –
Phew! How was that? You don’t need to memorise them just yet, try and learn them through example!
For Feminine Subjects
We simply change the last vowel to an ई ee. For example…
मैं -ऊँगी main -oongee I will –
आप -एँगी aap -engee You will – (Formal) etc.
Now we’ve learnt the actual rules I want you to go back through the examples at the top and see why we’ve used the verb the way we have! Are you ready for some more examples?
The Hindi word for the verb ‘to teach’ is सीखाना seekhaanaa. (Compare this to सीखना seekhnaa – to learn!). So how do you think a female would say ‘I will teach Hindi’. Can you think what it would be? That’s right, we say…
मैं हिन्दी सीखाऊँगी
main hindee seekhaaoongee
– I will teach Hindi (said by a female).
Finally (and this is the last example, I promise!) how do you think we’d say “They will write a story”. The Hindi word for story is कहानी kahaanee. Thats right, we say…
वे कहानी लिखेंगे
ve kahaanee likhenge
– They will write a story.
Whew! Wow. Today’s been a really long lesson so well done if you’ve read it all the way through. Congratulations, you now know how to speak about the future tense in Hindi! As a challenge I want you to try and write a few future tense sentences in the comments section below if you think you’re up to it!
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